11 Effects of Playing Chess on the Human Brain

Chess is popularly referred to as ‘the cerebral game’. Chess Grandmasters down the ages have widely been perceived to be intellectual giants, blessed with extraordinary cognitive skills, amazing powers of concentration, photographic (eidetic) memories, and enviable strategic acumen. This traditional and regular chess, which has spanned the ages for tens of centuries, is not simply a struggle between kings on horseback and queens-spreading brocade. Its roots stretch back deep into history, holding minds in its thrall and gaining immense popularity throughout the world. The intricacy, complexity, and strategic nature of the game have won it high praise, as well as serving to put in its place, among other things, an entertainment tool on a par with writing or painting.

In this article, we look at the amazing effects of chess on the brain of humans. Chess is an ancient game that works to strengthen mental faculties and stimulate brain functions for betterment in all aspects of existence; it is a way to view life itself as well, which then affects everything else.

11 Useful Effects of Playing Chess on the Human Brain

1. Enhances Perspective-Taking Skills

A captivating effect of chess on the brain is its transformative impact on one's ability to empathize and understand perspectives. Engaging in this strategic game compels players to anticipate their opponent's moves, strategize, and consider potential outcomes. This continuous mental workout cultivates a heightened sense of empathy, making individuals more adept at comprehending and sharing the feelings of others. According to a paper published in the National Center for Biotechnology Information, consistent engagement in chess is associated with greater cognitive flexibility, a crucial element in adapting one's viewpoint to diverse circumstances.

2. Enables You To Enter a Flow State

The concept of flow, characterized by complete absorption in an activity, finds a prime example in the game of chess. As players immerse themselves in the intricacies of the game, they enter a psychological zone, oblivious to the passage of time and external distractions. This heightened focus not only enhances chess gameplay but also permeates into other facets of life, elevating productivity and creativity. Research suggests that activities like chess can induce a flow state, contributing to the overall development of cognitive potential.

3. Protection Against the Development of Dementia

The danger of senile decline and dementia recalls ever more in old age. Playing chess, playing other mentally stimulating games, and so on have an effect of protecting against the development of dementia. The unending mental labor of studying every move, anticipating what your opponent's next one might be, plotting out aims, and planning strategy keeps neural connections firing.

4. Elevates Creativity

Beyond its strategic intricacies, chess catalyzes creative expression. The game's complex patterns and myriad potential scenarios create an environment that stimulates creative thinking. Players are compelled to think outside the box, devise unconventional strategies, and adapt their approach to changing conditions. The mental processes honed in chess directly contribute to an enhancement in creative thinking across various domains of life.

5. Improve the Symptoms of ADHD

One task at a time: When it is difficult to focus on one problem, those with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may have trouble. But thanks to the structure of chess and its unceasing panache, it provides an excellent route for developing attention span or concentration. Playing chess has sustained concentration, improving one's ability to focus and track one's thoughts. This is exactly what many people with ADHD lack difficulties doing. Based on a study conducted in 2016 on chess's effects on the brain, chess has been used as a beneficial intervention for children with ADHD. They report improvements in attention span and concentration levels after playing around four games of chess per week over ten consecutive weeks.

6. Universal Appeal

In recent times, celebrated Grandmasters have even pitted their skills against the most advanced supercomputers of their times – emerging victorious more often than not. The appeal of chess, however, extends far beyond the genius of the Fischers, the Kasparovs, and the Carlsens of the world. Today, Chess is played enthusiastically by millions around the world, from New Zealand to California and from Norway to South Africa. It is, in its essence, seen to be a rewarding pursuit for those who crave mental stimulation, or seek out intellectual challenges.

7. Intellectual Enhancement

The truth is that Chess is not just a game for those with a superior intellect. it actually helps average enthusiasts to develop their intellect. As an activity, it stands apart from most others, in its ability to simultaneously stimulate both left-brained analytical thinking and right-brained creative problem-solving. Studies have shown that subjects introduced to Chess at a tender age – some as young as five years – have shown significantly quicker development in their fine motor skills, their understanding of logical cause and effect, their cognitive abilities, and their general life skills, compared to their peers, who are not exposed to the game. One such study conducted by Dr. Stuart Margulies, and published by the American Chess Foundation in 1991, demonstrated tangible improvement in the average reading ability of a group of kids from a less-privileged section of New York City after they were actively engaged in playing Chess over six to twelve months. In another oft-cited study conducted in the late ‘90s, 4,000 students in Venezuela showed substantial improvement in their average IQ scores, just four months after they were taught – and regularly made to play – the game of Chess.

8. Improved Decision-Making

It is also widely believed that since playing Chess involves strategic thinking and critical decision-making, it has a deep impact on the development of the region of the brain directly responsible for these activities – the pre-frontal cortex. Playing chess, therefore, helps people of all ages to develop foresight, and make better life decisions, in both the immediate and long-term contexts. 

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9. Cognitive Development

Evidence from hundreds of observational studies carried out on test subjects, clearly demonstrates that Chess has a definitively positive impact on the development of cognitive abilities, particularly among younger age-groups. Clinical studies have also shown physical evidence that Chess has a beneficial neurological effect on the brain. Brain scans of subjects who were taught the game and were made to play regularly over a period of time showed significant growth in the number of dendrites – which improve connectivity amongst neurons in the brain – compared to scans taken before they had learned how to play Chess. As a general rule, improved connectivity between neurons equates to superior cognitive skills. 

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10. Chess as Therapy

The fact that Chess improves cognitive abilities is medically recognized. Which explains why it forms an integral part of therapy for patients recovering from brain damage occurring due to accidents or strokes, as well as for those suffering from conditions such as CTE (Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy), PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder), and Alzheimer’s Disease. Playing Chess has also been found to have a calming effect on those suffering from nervous anxiety or schizophrenia. 

11. Relevant to Our Times

Chess boasts of a rich heritage that has truly stood the test of time. Early versions of the game originated in ancient India and China, where it was popular among the royalty, nobility, and aristocracy – as a strategic exercise in preparation for strategic warfare.

5 Tips for Incorporating Chess into Daily Life

1. Set a Regular Chess Time

Dedicate a fixed time each day for playing chess, establishing a routine for mental exercise. Cultivating a consistent chess routine is key to reaping its cognitive benefits. Either a morning ritual or an evening habit has the advantage of having set times for mental exercise.

2. Use Chess Apps

Leverage technology by using chess apps for convenient and accessible gameplay, ensuring flexibility in incorporating chess into daily life. Embrace the digital era by integrating chess apps into your daily routine. The accessibility of chess apps ensures that you can seamlessly infuse strategic thinking into your daily activities, turning even short breaks into opportunities for mental stimulation.

3. Combine Chess with Breaks

Introduce speed-chess sessions during breaks to enhance alertness and concentration. Elevate your break time by incorporating dynamic speed-chess sessions. Playing short games between tasks can make you more alert and better able to concentrate. You can also change your environment by either taking a walk or simply going to a different room.

4. Integrate Chess into Socializing

Engage in social chess-playing activities with friends or join a chess club, fostering a sense of enjoyment and friendly competition. Transform chess into a social endeavor by playing with friends or becoming part of a chess club. The communal aspect of shared gameplay adds a layer of enjoyment and friendly competition to your chess experience.

5. Combine Chess with Learning

Infuse chess into educational practices to enrich the learning experience, incorporating it into lessons for children or utilizing it as a tool for academic enhancement. For children, incorporating chess into lessons enhances their cognitive development, promoting strategic thinking and problem-solving skills. Embrace chess as a versatile tool for academic enhancement, leveraging its capacity to stimulate critical thinking and enrich the overall learning experience.


Chess, which has been around for centuries but is only a game, provides excellent mental exercise. The impact of playing chess extends far, including improving perspective-taking and creativity to perhaps protect against dementia. Using chess, which has been around for more than 10 centuries or so, to medically improve mental habits through arranging things scientifically in daily life with the help of modern technology and bringing together a social system--in other words, combining it into everyday behaviors. In an era of increasingly advanced technology, the ancient game of chess remains a lone light shining in our world, illuminating brain stimulation. The effects of playing chess on the human mind are as alive and relevant today as ever before.